Celtic Nations

The Celtic nations are territories in western Europe where Celtic languages or cultural traits have survived. The term “nation” is used in its original sense to mean a people who share a common identity and culture and are identified with a traditional territory.

The six territories widely considered Celtic nations are Brittany (Breizh), Cornwall (Kernow), Wales (Cymru), Scotland (Alba), Ireland (√Čire) and the Isle of Man (Mannin or Ellan Vannin). These together are commonly referred to as the “Celtic fringe”. In each of the six nations a Celtic language is spoken to some extent: Brittonic or Brythonic languages are spoken in Brittany, Cornwall, and Wales, while Goidelic or Gaelic languages are spoken in Scotland, Ireland, and the Isle of Man.